Ankle sprains are among the most common joint injuries seen by orthopaedists. Ankle sprains are injuries to one or more ligaments surrounding the ankle joints. Ligament injury can range from mild merely stretchedto moderate partially tornto severe completely severed.

Ankle sprains usually fully resolve, but when inappropriate treatment, or significant injury, or premature return to activity has occurred, complications can arise such as prolonged pain, persistent swelling, stiffness, instability, and nerve dysfunction 2.

Prolonged or chronic pain is the most common complication of an ankle sprain 2. Even severe sprains should be healed and pain-free after 8 weeks, so if pain persists with inflammation there is likelihood of an undiagnosed fracture, cartilage tear, or ruptured tendon. Prolonged pain without inflammation occurs primarily with nerve injury. Chronic pain frequently disrupts normal walking, which then can affect joints of the hips, lower back and knees.

Persistent swelling of the ankle is caused by several conditions, most commonly from unhealed torn ligaments, or by bone contusion leading to compression between the ankle joints, or by damaged and impinged blood vessels. Chronic swelling is sometimes caused by synovitis, which is inflammation of the inner lining of the ankle joint capsules.

Persistent swelling of the ankle joints is usually accompanied by low-grade pain, but sometimes can occur without pain. Stiffness is another complication of ankle sprains and usually a consequence of excessive swelling or inflammation. Ankle stiffness is usually accompanied by achy pain and leads to reduced range of motion, especially dorsiflexion. Over many months, reduced range of motion and joint dysfunction can lead to osteoarthritis, which is evidenced by bone spurs and reduced joint space on x-ray.

Ankle instability occurs when a sprained ligament usually the outside lateral ones heals in a stretched position gross laxity as opposed to its normal anatomic position, causing the ankle to become hyper-mobile and move in abnormal ways. Ankle instability usually involves consistent weakening of the joints and greatly increases the likelihood of future ankle sprains. Symptoms include:. Muscle weakness often causes re-injury due to reduced coordination.

Abnormal proprioception may also result, which affects balance and stability of the foot and ankle. Ligament injury can range from mildto moderateto severe. Aironius French has been writing professionally sincewhen he became a clinical chiropractic physician. French holds a Bachelor of Science in physical anthropology and human development from the University of Calgary and a doctorate from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. Monitor the health of your community here.

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Diseases and Injuries. Written by Aironius French. If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately. About the Author.It is unnerving to have smoking thoughts and urges resurface months after quitting. However, this can be expected as you recover from nicotine addiction. Learn why you have them and how you can make it through this period. The excitement of quitting will have passed, but you will still be dealing with the psychological aftermath of nicotine addiction.

You'll still be thinking about smoking, often to the point where the cravings become all-consuming. It can leave you feeling edgy and sad. You may even wonder if you'll always be doomed to feel this way. Your mind has a powerful influence on your body, and a strong focus on thoughts of smoking can bring on some very real physical reactions. Although the symptoms can be the same, don't confuse cigarette cravings with nicotine withdrawal. Withdrawal is ultimately biological; cravings are psychological.

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Taking stock of what is behind your urge to smoke is a first step in regaining control over errant thoughts that can lead to trouble. As you did during the first days of smoking cessationuse the distraction to help you get your mind off smoking. Be proactive and deal with each craving as it comes up.

The good news is that this is a phase in the recovery process that almost everyone goes through. Find activities that relax and rejuvenate you. Good nutrition and regular sleep can help ease your tension. Daily exercise, even a short walk, can improve your mood and energy levels.

If you're spiraling downward, take it as a cue to treat yourself with kid gloves and spoil yourself a little. Don't think of it as being selfish—think of it as good therapy, because that's just what it is. Promise yourself that you'll dedicate the entire first year of smoking cessation to healing from nicotine addiction— all of it.

It takes that long to work your way through the many activities in daily life that you associate with smoking on one level or another. Think of time and patience as your two best quit buddies. If you can relax and let time pass, it will help you heal. Time really is a wonderful tool for changing your life—as long as you can be patient enough to let it do its work.

Don't fear the ups and downs that come with quitting smoking. Cravings to smoke are not signs of impending failure, they are signs that you are healing from both the physical addiction you have to nicotine and the psychological associations you have with smoking as well.

Keep your eye on the prize and do the work it takes to quit successfully. The rewards are outstanding and you'll love the person you become without the chains of this killer habit weighing you down. Believe in yourself and you can free yourself. For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database. So you're ready to finally quit smoking?

Our free guide can help you get on the right track. Sign up and get yours today. West R. Tobacco smoking: Health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions.During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you.

We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what. Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities.

We will get through this together. Losing a spouse is one of the most painful experiences one can be put through.

You may feel completely numb, or like you are in shock; the world may pause around you. You may feel lost and stuck, uncomfortable making even the most minor of decisions. Know that like a cut heals over time, emotional pain heals eventually, too. This is not to say that you won't have scars, but you can certainly live on. Many people experience great loss and, after a time, still find a way to live rich, full, and meaningful lives — and so can you.

Losing a spouse is an incredibly painful experience, but that pain heals with time, and you can still live a meaningful life by saying goodbye and taking care of yourself. While not everyone experiences grief the same way, allow yourself time to work through your emotions, like denial, anger, resentment, yearning, suffering, and sadness, as this will help you say goodbye.

To help give yourself closure, fulfill any requests your partner made before passing away. As you process your loss, take care of yourself by exercising and speaking with a therapist or support group. For more help from our co-author, including how to avoid your grief triggers, scroll down. Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic LoadingEverything changes after the loss of a spouse or partner.

For many, this was the person we spent most of our time with. This is who we made our plans with…the one who shared our worries. This can be felt any time someone tries to cheer us up, smooth it over, or make it better. So what is the point, really, in illustrating or highlighting all that a widow or widower has lost?

She told me that the slow recognition of this fact was actually a huge turning point for her. And lying underneath the sadness and yearning for what she had, was a realization of the blessings that their union and time together had created. While our experiences of grief are unique, there is still so much of this journey that grievers will find they have in common.

And if more help is needed? In Grief Coachingthe majority of the people I speak to have lost a spouse. With the loss of a spouse we lose not only our partner, but the person who gave us stability and confidence. The person we made all of our decisions with and the person who shared in the outcome of our days and our lives. FREE 15 minute consults available to www.

So sorry that you have to still exist without Randy. He loved you a lot. God made him especially for you. My heart grieves for you and having to continue on. What can I do for you. You are still a shining example to many people. May God grant you what you need st this very moment.

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Love you, Becky. We just had a huge fire here. I had to evacuate. I was angry with Steve all over again. He died 9 months ago and I was angry, lonely, and scared! Hang in there Ralph.Keep in touch and stay productive with Teams and Officeeven when you're working remotely. Learn how to collaborate with Office Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services.

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You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number.

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April 14, Keep in touch and stay productive with Teams and Officeeven when you're working remotely. Site Feedback. Tell us about your experience with our site. Ideas: Programs you are having problems with Error messages Recent changes you made to your computer What you have already tried to fix the problem. This thread is locked. You can follow the question or vote as helpful, but you cannot reply to this thread. I have the same question User Replied on January 15, For the benefits of others looking for answers, please mark the suggestion as Answered if it solves your problem.

Thanks for marking this as the answer. How satisfied are you with this reply? Thanks for your feedback, it helps us improve the site. How satisfied are you with this response? This site in other languages x.The benefits of smoking cessation can usually be felt within days and continue to improve as key structures of the lungs and heart start to repair themselves.

Tobacco contains nicotine and produces chemicals like carbon monoxide that speed up your heart rate and elevate your blood pressure. The same can occur if you vape with nicotine-based e-cigarette fluids. The effect is immediate the moment you inhale. Within the first 24 hours of quitting cigarettes, your heart rate, blood pressure, circulation will improve and the carbon monoxide levels in your lungs will return to a more normalized state by the end of the first day.

Improvement of all cardiovascular health measures can be expected in anyone who quits cigarettes, without exception. That said, what is "normal" can vary based on your underlying risk of hypertension and heart disease.

With 48 hours of smoking, you will experience an improvement in smell and taste that will continue to increase in the weeks that follow. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarette smoke, paired with the heated air, can flatten the taste buds and reduce the vascularity that promotes nerve responses.

The same vascular restriction in the nose will impair the sense of smell. By giving up cigarettes, you will begin to experience more flavors and aromas more profoundly. Nicotine withdrawal and cravings are the two things smokers fear most when quitting. Generally speaking, three days after you kick the habit, the nicotine in your system will have been completely depleted.

With the absence of nicotine will inevitably come a cascade of withdrawal symptoms, including severe headaches, increased tension, cravings, irritability, insomnia, and fatigue.

Cravings are often best dealt with by walking or exercising until the sensation passes. Within a month of quitting, receptors in your brain that have been sensitized to nicotine will start to return to normal. As your nervous system begins to learn how to function without nicotine; the worst of your physical symptoms will gradually subside over several weeks to a month on average. Following that, the focus will shift from nicotine replacement to learning how to decipher and reprogram the psychological urges to smoke.

This includes using cigarettes to relieve stress, suppress your appetite, socialize, or end a good meal. Even when nicotine has been well cleared from your system, these psychological cravings can persist for months and be mistaken for "withdrawal" when they are, in fact, psychological habits we have been built over the course of years and even decades.

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Pay attention to the thoughts running through your mind when the cravings first emerge. They will help you identify the triggers for these urges, allowing you to find and implement strategies to counteract them. For example, if stress triggers a cigarette craving, explore mind-body therapies to reduce your stress.

If smoking is part of a social habit, find healthier alternatives walking or shopping to socialize with friends. Improvements in lung function are dependent upon your lung health prior to quitting, but you will invariably experience improvement as measured by the forced expiratory volume in one second FEV In fact, most people will find that they'll be able to do everyday tasks, like carrying groceries or climbing stairs, without getting winded.

This is because tiny finger-like structures in the lung called cilia will start to regrow and normalize the filtration function of the trachea windpipe and lungs. Cilia help remove environmental pollutants and toxins that you breathe in. This assists your body in fighting off colds and other respiratory infections.I'm 30 years old and have smoked since I quit on June 10, I've had constant chest pain for about 5 years. Had all the test many times ruling out heart problems. I figured it was because of the smoking.

I haven't gotten any better. As a matter of fact it all got worse, and is now including constent shortness of breath. I haven't had that smokers cough that everyone talks about coughing up phlem or anything, I don't know what is wrong there. I've also put on a lot of weight in the past 6 years. I'm 5'10" lbs.

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Can anyone help me? When can I expect to get that smokers cough clearing out my lungs, or doesn't everyone get it? Why could my chest be hurting like this? I've been put on every axiety medication known to man, but no help. My doctor is at a loss as well. Discussions By Condition: Repiratory conditions. Shortness of Breath After Quit Smoking. Posted In: Repiratory conditions 23 Replies. Thanks for the reply.

I just don't have the smokers cough. I know it's only been three months since I quit but, I'm kind of scared that I don't have it.

I'm feeling that my lungs are not able to clean out.